How to Feed 10 Billion People in 2050
There have been many questions on the mind of many leaders in government, science and the development community today to feed the world in 2050, some actions and steps needs to be taken. Actions to strengthening agriculture, particularly in developing countries. The droughts reducing crop yields in some of the world’s largest grain- producing regions this year elevated both food prices and concerns about hunger and malnutrition around the world. The world faces the looming challenge of feeding an expanding population that is expected to reach 10, billion by 2050, from just over 7 billion today while climate change is increasing uncertainty for farmers.
Ensuring a food supply that can meet the world future needs will require an increased focus on four areas,
INSPIRING INNOVATION: first, we need to focus on innovation, thereby agriculture will need to meet the nutritional needs of a growing population using the same amount of land the same amount of water used today, while also relying less on chemical pesticides and fertilizers. Doing that will require investing in research, increasing sustainable intensification of agriculture and creating access to new technologies and processes that are effective, environmentally friendly, and equitable. some examples are techniques that localize fertilizers, intercropping that can add nitrogen to the soil naturally, and more creating more nutritious crops through breeding and science.
ENABLING MARKETS: Second improvement that can end up poverty in 2050 is improving markets and market access for smallholder farmers. This is very vital for lifting poor farmers out of poverty and increasing productivity. creating countrywide networks of markets and village -level agro-dealers. Local producers’ association are already creating these enabling environments in some areas and helping farmers to secure fair prices for their crops. Government policies can help support these environments and minimize risks for smallholder farmers.
SUPPORTING PEOPLE: supporting people at the heart of the agriculture value chain is vital to the equation. Smallholders farmers, particularly women farmers who produce most of the foods in developing countries, are more important to future productivity gains. Helping them to produce higher yield -through research, education, access to markets, land tenure policies, microcredit and microinsurance will lead to greater production and prosperity.
BUILDING POLITICAL LEADERSHIP: Finally, successful agriculture sectors require political leadership. One of the greatest challenges where the government has revitalized the agricultural sector by investing in agriculture research and farmer education, and by introducing incentives that have helped to boost yields and improve rural livelihoods and reduce hunger among countries.